In this paper we propose a new three-dimensional (3D) in vitro model replicating the intestinal functioning aiming to dissect the stromal-epithelial interactions and evaluate the permeation of insulin, a model drug.
Dissecting stromal-epithelial interactions in a 3D in vitro cellularized intestinal model for permeability studies
Pereira C, Araújo F, Barrias CC, Granja PL, Sarmento B. Biomaterials, 2015.
Absorption evaluation plays an increasingly important role at the early stage of drug discovery due to its potential to scan the ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion) properties of new drug candidates. Therefore, a new three-dimensional (3D) in vitro model replicating the intestinal functioning is herein proposed aiming to dissect the stromal-epithelial interactions and evaluate the permeation of a model drug, insulin. Inspired on the intestinal mucosal architecture, the present model comprises in- testinal myofibroblasts (CCD18-Co cells) embedded in Matrigel, onto which epithelial enterocytes (Caco- 2 cells) and mucus-producing cells (HT29-MTX cells) were seeded. CCD18-Co myofibroblasts showed to have a central role in the remodeling of the surrounding matrix confirmed by the production of fibro- nectin. Subsequently, this matrix revealed to be essential to the maintenance of the model architecture by supporting the overlying epithelial cells. In terms of functionality, this model allowed the efficient prediction of insulin permeability in which the presence of mucus, the less tight character between Caco- 2 and HT29-MTX epithelial cells and the 3D assembly were critical factors. Concluding, this model constitutes a robust tool in the drug development field with potential to bridge the traditional 2D cell culture models and in vivo animal models
Additional information: Pereira et al, Biomaterials 2015;56:36-45.